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The Complete List of US National Monuments By State (2021 Update)

Post Summary: List of National Monuments

From a random free standing butte in Wyoming to a the remains of ancient seas to ancient dwelling high on the cliffs, these are the National Monument of the United States. These sites a spread across the United States and its territories. These sites are one of the most prolific federally protected lands. National Monuments are a universial designation that can be used to protect any federal lands that are historically or naturally significant.

It can be tough to keep track of all the National Monuments of the United States. Luckily, we have created a National Monument checklist that you can download here.

This post was published on September 30, 2019. It was updated on December 2019, June 2020 and August 2021.

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Trying to figure out where and how many National Monuments there are? Look no further. We have compiled a complete list of US national monuments.
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What is a National Monument?

A National Monument is an area of land and waters that has been protected because it is of historic and scientific interest. They can protect both the human and natural history of the United States.

National Monuments can be managed by a number of different federal agencies. These include National Park Service, U.S. Bureau of Land Management, the U.S. Forest Service, the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, and a couple of others agencies.

How are National Monuments Created?

National monuments are created for many different reasons. They can commemorate a historic event, honor an individual or group of people, or be used to preserve a site that is important to the public. Natioanl Monuments can be created in two different ways.

The first and most common way is by Presidental proclamation. Under the Antiquities Act of 1906, the United States President enormous powers for “… the protection of objects of historic and scientific interest.” Basically, the President says “I want to protect this area of federal land and I declare it XX National Monument.” Now that area is a National Monument. Presidents have created 161 National Monuments since June 8, 1906.

The other way is to have Congress to pass a bill and get the President to sign the bill into law. This method can be used for protecting land already owned by the US goverment or by authorizing the purchase of land for the creation of said monument. Congress has created 40 National Monuments.

A cinder cone volcano next to a dry field
Capulin Volcano National Monument

What is the Difference Between National Parks and Monuments?

The primary difference between national monuments and National Parks (and other titles like Natonal Forest, Historical Site, ect) is how they are created. As mentioned above, National Momuments can be created by Presidental proclamation. All other designations require an act of Congress.

The second difference is that National Monuments can be managed by any one of a number of agencies where as the 63 National Parks are under the National Park Service

How many National Monuments are there in the US?

That is a great and slightly confusing question with a couple of possible answers. I’ll try to break it down for you.

As of August 2021, there are 129 National Monuments. The National Park Service manges 85 National Monuments of those 84 are offical National Park Service Units. Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument overlaps with Lake Mead National Recreation Area so it isn’t and offical NPS unit.

You may have noticed that I said that Presdients have created 161 National Monuments and Congress has created 40. That is a total of 201 National Monuments but there are only 129 National Monuments. Where did those 72 National Monuments go.

Most of those 72 National Monuments were redesigned as something else. Here is where they went:

  • 31 have been elevated to National Park status.
  • 6 were incorporated into existing National Parks
  • 11 were converted to National Historic Parks
  • 6 were transferred to state or local government control
  • 4 were converted to National Historic Sites
  • 4 were converted to National Preserves
  • 3 were incorporated into a National Forest
  • 2 were converted to National Wildlife Refuges
  • 1 was converted to a National Battlefield
  • 1 was converted to a Parkway
  • 1 was returned to the Zuni Nation
  • 1 was deauthorized as the land was never acquired by the federal government
  • 1 was deauthorized due to early mismanagement resulting in the theft of all the fossils it was meant to protect

Who manages the National Monuments in the USA?

The National Monuments can be managed or co-managed by one or two of eight federal agencies from 5 departments depending on the location and/or management goals. These agencies are

AgencyDepartmentUnits ManagedUnits Co-ManagedTotal Units Managed
National Park Service (NPS)Interior82385
Bureau of Land Management (BLM)Interior21728
Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS)Interior279
United States Forest Service (USFS)Agriculture8513
Armed Forces Retirement Home (AFRH)Defense101
United States Air Force (USAF)Defense101
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)Commerce055
Department of Energy (DOE)Energy011

With all these different agencies mangeing and co-manging the National Monuments, it can get a little confusing as to who is managing what and what their mangement goals are. While each agencies’s goal is to manage and protect the land, their exact mission is a little bit different. For example, NPS manges land for protection and recreation while USFS manages for present and future use. I could probally write a couple thousands words breaking that mess down.

Just know that each agency is different and what may be acceptable in one isn’t allowed in the other. A couple non-NPS National Monuments you may know are

Bears Ears National Monument which is managed by Bureau of Land Management and US Fish and Wildlife.

Vermillion Cliffs National Monument is managed Bureau of Land Management.

A rock bridge connecting two parts of the canyon
Natural Bridges National Monument

Which State has the Most National Monuments?

National Monuments can be found in 32 different states, District of Columbia and 6 territories.

California and Arizona are tied with 18 National Monuments. New Mexico has 13 National Monuments and Colorado and Utah tie at 9 each.

If you are strickly looking for the number of National Park Service National Monuments then Arizona has the most US National Monuments. There are 13 National Monuments in Arizona and 10 National Monuments in New Mexico.

What was the First National Monument in the US?

Theodore Roosevent signed into law the Antiquities Act of 1906 on June 8, 1906. He first exersixed his new President powers to create Devils Tower National Monument on September 24, 1906. Devils Tower is still a National Monument to this day.

Between 1906 and 1909, Roosevent would create 18 National Monuments of which 5 are now National Park.

US National Monument Map

Complete List of US National Monuments in Alphabetical Order

Admiralty Island National Monument, Alaska

African Burial Ground National Monument, New York

Agate Fossil Beds National Monument, Nebraska

Agua Fria National Monument, Arizona

Aleutian Islands World War II National Monument, Alaska

Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument, Texas

Aniakchak National Monument, Alaska

Aztec Ruins National Monument, New Mexico

Bandelier National Monument, New Mexico

Basin and Range National Monument, Nevada

Bears Ears National Monument, Utah

Belmont-Paul Women’s Equality National Monument, District of Columbia

Berryessa Snow Mountain National Monument, California

Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument, Alabama

Booker T. Washington National Monument, Virginia

Browns Canyon National Monument, Colorado

Buck Island Reef National Monument, US Virgin Islands

Cabrillo National Monument, California

California Coastal National Monument, California

Camp Nelson Heritage National Monument, Kentucky

Canyon de Chelly National Monument, Arizona

Two rocks fins standing high in the middle of a canyon
Canyon de Chelly National Monument

Canyons of the Ancients National Monument, Colorado

Cape Krusenstern National Monument, Alaska

Capulin Volcano National Monument, New Mexico

Carrizo Plain National Monument, California

Casa Grande Ruins National Monument, Arizona

Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument, California, Oregon

Castillo de San Marcos National Monument, Florida

Castle Clinton National Monument, New York

Castle Mountains National Monument, California

Cedar Breaks National Monument, Utah

César E. Chávez National Monument, California

Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument, Ohio

Chimney Rock National Monument, Colorado

Chiricahua National Monument, Arizona

Colorado National Monument, Colorado

Craters of the Moon National Monument, Idaho

Black and orange colored rocks as far as the eye can see.
Craters of the Moon National Monument

Devils Postpile National Monument, California

Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming

Dinosaur National Monument, Colorado, Utah

Effigy Mounds National Monument, Iowa

El Malpais National Monument, New Mexico

El Morro National Monument, New Mexico

Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument, Colorado

Fort Frederica National Monument, Georgia

Fort Matanzas National Monument, Florida

Fort McHenry National Monument, Maryland

Fort Monroe National Monument, Virginia

Fort Ord National Monument, California

Fort Pulaski National Monument, Georgia

Fort Stanwix National Monument, New York

Fort Union National Monument, New Mexico

Fossil Butte National Monument, Wyoming

A small butte standing over a brushy valley
Fossil Butte National Monument

Freedom Riders National Monument, Alabama

George Washington Birthplace National Monument, Virginia

George Washington Carver National Monument, Missouri

Giant Sequoia National Monument, California

Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument, New Mexico

Gold Butte National Monument, Nevada

Governors Island National Monument, New York

Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument, Arizona

Grand Portage National Monument, Minnesota

Grand Staircase–Escalante National Monument, Utah

Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument, Idaho

Hanford Reach National Monument, Washington

Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument, Maryland

Hohokam Pima National Monument, Arizona

Hovenweep National Monument, Colorado, Utah

Ironwood Forest National Monument, Arizona

Jewel Cave National Monument, South Dakota

John Day Fossil Beds National Monument, Oregon

Yellow, orange, and red banded hills
John Day Fossil Beds National Monument

Jurassic National Monument, Utah

Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument, New Mexico

Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument, Maine

Lava Beds National Monument, California

Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument, Montana

Marianas Trench Marine National Monument, Guam, Northern Mariana Islands

Medgar and Myrlie Evers Home National Monument, Mississippi

Military Working Dog Teams National Monument, Texas

Mill Springs Battlefield National Monument, Kentucky

Misty Fjords National Monument, Alaska

Mojave Trails National Monument, California

Montezuma Castle National Monument, Arizona

Mount St. Helens Volcanic National Monument, Washington

Muir Woods National Monument, California

Natural Bridges National Monument, Utah

Navajo National Monument, Arizona

Newberry Volcanic National Monument, Oregon

Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument, Atlantic Ocean

Oregon Caves National Monument, Oregon

Organ Mountains–Desert Peaks National Monument, New Mexico

Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument, Arizona

Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument, US Minor Outlying Islands 

Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument, Hawaii, U.S. Minor Outlying Islands

Petroglyph National Monument, New Mexico

Pipe Spring National Monument, Arizona

Pipestone National Monument, Minnesota

Pompeys Pillar National Monument, Montana

Poverty Point National Monument, Louisiana

Prehistoric Trackways National Monument, New Mexico

President Lincoln and Soldiers’ Home National Monument, District of Columbia

Pullman National Monument, Illinois

Rainbow Bridge National Monument, Utah

Río Grande del Norte National Monument, New Mexico

Rose Atoll Marine National Monument, American Samoa

Russell Cave National Monument, Alabama

Saint Francis Dam Disaster National Monument, California

Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument, New Mexico

San Gabriel Mountains National Monument, California

San Juan Islands National Monument, Washington

Sand to Snow National Monument, California

Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument, California

Scotts Bluff National Monument, Nebraska

Sonoran Desert National Monument, Arizona

Statue of Liberty National Monument, New Jersey, New York

Stonewall National Monument, New York

Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument, Arizona

Timpanogos Cave National Monument, Utah

Tonto National Monument, Arizona

Tule Lake National Monument, California

Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument, Nevada

Tuzigoot National Monument, Arizona

Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument, Montana

Vermilion Cliffs National Monument, Arizona

Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument, US Virgin Islands

Waco Mammoth National Monument, Texas

Walnut Canyon National Monument, Arizona

Wupatki National Monument, Arizona

Yucca House National Monument, Colorado

US National Monuments by State

Alabama National Monuments

  • Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument (NPS)
  • Freedom Riders National Monument (NPS)
  • Russell Cave National Monument (NPS)

Alaska National Monuments

  • Admiralty Island National Monument (USFS)
  • Aleutian Islands World War II National Monument (FWS)
  • Aniakchak National Monument (NPS)
  • Cape Krusenstern National Monument (NPS)
  • Misty Fjords National Monument (USFS)
A snow covered small volcano and a mountain range behind it. Aniakchak National Monument
Aniakchak National Monument
Image courtesy of McGimsey, R. G, AVO/USGS

American Samoa National Monuments

  • Rose Atoll Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS)

Arizona National Monuments

  • Agua Fria National Monument (BLM)
  • Canyon de Chelly National Monument (NPS)
  • Casa Grande Ruins National Monument (NPS)
  • Chiricahua National Monument (NPS)
  • Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument (BLM, NPS)
  • Hohokam Pima National Monument (NPS)
  • Ironwood Forest National Monument (BLM)
  • Montezuma Castle National Monument (NPS)
  • Navajo National Monument (NPS)
  • Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument (NPS)
  • Pipe Spring National Monument (NPS)
  • Sonoran Desert National Monument (BLM)
  • Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument (NPS)
  • Tonto National Monument (NPS)
  • Tuzigoot National Monument (NPS)
  • Vermilion Cliffs National Monument (BLM)
  • Walnut Canyon National Monument (NPS)
  • Wupatki National Monument (NPS)
Tuzigoot National Monument
Tuzigoot National Monument

Atlantic Ocean National Monuments

  • Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS)

California National Monuments

  1. Berryessa Snow Mountain National Monument (BLM, USFS)
  2. Cabrillo National Monument (NPS)
  3. California Coastal National Monument (BLM)
  4. Carrizo Plain National Monument (BLM)
  5. Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument (BLM) – Shared with Oregon
  6. Castle Mountains National Monument (NPS)
  7. César E. Chávez National Monument (NPS)
  8. Devils Postpile National Monument (NPS)
  9. Fort Ord National Monument (BLM)
  10. Giant Sequoia National Monument (USFS)
  11. Lava Beds National Monument (NPS)
  12. Mojave Trails National Monument (BLM)
  13. Muir Woods National Monument (NPS)
  14. Saint Francis Dam Disaster National Monument (USFS)
  15. San Gabriel Mountains National Monument (USFS)
  16. Sand to Snow National Monument (BLM, USFS)
  17. Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument (BLM, USFS)
  18. Tule Lake National Monument (NPS, FWS)

Colorado National Monuments

  • Browns Canyon National Monument (BLM, USFS)
  • Canyons of the Ancients National Monument (BLM)
  • Chimney Rock National Monument (USFS)
  • Colorado National Monument (NPS)
  • Dinosaur National Monument (NPS) – Shared with Utah
  • Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument (NPS)
  • Hovenweep National Monument (NPS) – Shared with Utah
  • Yucca House National Monument (NPS)

Florida National Monuments

  • Castillo de San Marcos National Monument (NPS)
  • Fort Matanzas National Monument (NPS)
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument

Georgia National Monuments

  • Fort Frederica National Monument (NPS)
  • Fort Pulaski National Monument (NPS)

Guam National Monuments

  • Marianas Trench Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS) – Shared with Northern Mariana Islands

Hawaii National Monuments

  • Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS)
 Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument
Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument
Image Credit: White House photo by Shealah Craighead, Public Domain, Link

Idaho National Monuments

  • Craters of the Moon National Monument (BLM, NPS)
  • Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument (NPS)

Illinois National Monuments

  • Pullman National Monument (NPS)

Iowa National Monuments

  • Effigy Mounds National Monument (NPS)
Effigy Mounds National Monument
Effigy Mounds National Monument
Photo Credit: Billwhittaker at English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

Kentucky National Monuments

  • Camp Nelson Heritage National Monument (NPS)
  • Mill Springs Battlefield National Monument (NPS)

Lousiana National Monuments

  • Poverty Point National Monument (NPS)

Maine National Monuments

  • Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument (NPS)

Maryland National Monuments

  • Fort McHenry National Monument (NPS)
  • Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument (FWS)

Minnesota National Monuments

  • Grand Portage National Monument (NPS)
  • Pipestone National Monument (NPS)
Grand Portage National Monument
Grand Portage National Monument
Photo Credit: NPS

Mississippi National Monuments

  • Medgar and Myrlie Evers Home National Monument (NPS)

Missouri National Monuments

  • George Washington Carver National Monument (NPS)

Montana National Monuments

  • Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument (NPS)
  • Pompeys Pillar National Monument (BLM)
  • Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument (BLM)
Pompeys Pillar National Monument
Pompeys Pillar National Monument
Photo Credit: Bureau of Land ManagementPompeys Pillar NM, Public Domain, Link

Nebraska National Monuments

  • Agate Fossil Beds National Monument (NPS)
  • Scotts Bluff National Monument (NPS)

Nevada National Monuments

  • Basin and Range National Monument (BLM)
  • Gold Butte National Monument (BLM)
  • Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument (NPS)

New Jersey National Monuments

  • Statue of Liberty National Monument (NPS) – Shared with New York

New Mexico National Monuments

  • Aztec Ruins National Monument (NPS)
  • Bandelier National Monument (NPS)
  • Capulin Volcano National Monument (NPS)
  • El Malpais National Monument (NPS)
  • El Morro National Monument (NPS)
  • Fort Union National Monument (NPS)
  • Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument (NPS)
  • Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument (BLM)
  • Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks National Monument (BLM)
  • Petroglyph National Monument (NPS)
  • Prehistoric Trackways National Monument (BLM)
  • Río Grande del Norte National Monument (BLM)
  • Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (NPS)

New York National Monuments

  • African Burial Ground National Monument (NPS)
  • Castle Clinton National Monument (NPS)
  • Fort Stanwix National Monument (NPS)
  • Governors Island National Monument (NPS)
  • Stonewall National Monument (NPS)
  • Statue of Liberty National Monument (NPS) – Shared with New Jersey
 Statue of Liberty National Monument
Statue of Liberty National Monument

Northern Mariana Islands National Monuments

  • Marianas Trench Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS) – Shared with Guam

Ohio National Monuments

  • Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument (NPS)

Oregon National Monuments

  • Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument (BLM) – Shared with Californina
  • John Day Fossil Beds National Monument (NPS)
  • Newberry Volcanic National Monument (USFS)
  • Oregon Caves National Monument (NPS)

South Dakota National Monuments

  • Jewel Cave National Monument (NPS)

Texas National Monuments

  • Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument (NPS)
  • Military Working Dog Teams National Monument (DOD)
  • Waco Mammoth National Monument (NPS)

US Minor Outlying Islands National Monuments

  • Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS)
  • Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS)

US Virgin Islands National Monuments

  • Buck Island Reef National Monument (NPS)
  • Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument (NPS)

Utah National Monuments

  • Bears Ears National Monument (BLM, USFS)
  • Cedar Breaks National Monument (NPS)
  • Dinasour National Monument (NPS) – Shared with Colorado
  • Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument (BLM)
  • Hovenweep National Monument (NPS) – Shared with Colorado
  • Jurassic National Monument (BLM)
  • Natural Bridges National Monument (NPS)
  • Rainbow Bridge National Monument (NPS)
  • Timpanogos Cave National Monument (NPS)
Dinosaur National Monument
Dinosaur National Monument
Photo Credit: NPS

Virginia National Monuments

  • Booker T. Washington National Monument (NPS)
  • Fort Monroe National Monument (NPS)
  • George Washington Birthplace National Monument (NPS)

Washington National Monuments

  • Hanford Reach National Monument (DOE, FWS)
  • Mount St. Helens Volcanic National Monument (USFS)
  • San Juan Islands National Monument (BLM)

Washington, D.C. National Monuments

  • Belmont-Paul Women’s Equality National Monument (NPS)
  • President Lincoln and Soldiers’ Home National Monument (AFRH)

Wyoming National Monuments

  • Devils Tower National Monument (NPS)
  • Fossil Butte National Monument (NPS)
Devil's Tower - A Complete List of National Monuments
Devil’s Tower National Monument

Pin to Share: The Complete List of US National Monuments By State (2021 Update)

Trying to figure out where and how many National Monuments there are? Look no further. We have compiled a complete list of US national monuments.
#nationalparks #nationalpark #nationalparkobsessed
Visit National Parks / Explore National Monuments

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BoB

Wednesday 22nd of September 2021

Hi - Thanks for putting this together! Shouoldn't World War II Valor in the Pacific be included?

Jennifer Melroy

Wednesday 22nd of September 2021

Hey Bob, World War II Valor in the Pacific National Monument is no longer exists under that name. It is now 3 separate parks - Pearl Harbor National Memorial (Hawaii), Aleutian Islands World War II National Monument (Alaska), and Tule Lake National Monument (California). Pearl Harbor and Tule Lake are managed by National Park Service. Aleutian Islands is managed by U.S. Fish and Game.

Gil Ludwig

Monday 10th of August 2020

Thank you for a great list of history. I hope to see a few more while still around.

Hazel M Rogowski

Friday 26th of June 2020

ok I signed up for the national park monument list but all that shows is a picture of the cover.?????How do I get to the list?????

Jennifer Melroy

Friday 26th of June 2020

We don't currently have a pdf checklist for the National Monuments. We only offer one for the 62 National Parks. I checked with our records and it shows you have signed-up to for our newsletter but didn't confirm your subscription. To comply with recent privacy regulations, we require that you confirm your subscription before we can send you the checklist. If you can't find the confirmation email from us, please check your spam folder.

Laurie Gagne

Wednesday 24th of June 2020

Where can I get a copy of "A Complete List of US National Monuments. I see it on this site but see no way to download it. I would much rather have a hard copy (a book)

Jennifer Melroy

Friday 26th of June 2020

We don't currently have a pdf checklist for the National Monuments. It is something we hope to offer in the future.

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