A Complete List of US National Monuments

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On June 8, 1906, President Theodore Roosevelt signed one of the most important laws in the history of land conservation in the United States. With his signature on the Antiquities Act of 1906, he gave the United States Presidents enormous powers for “… the protection of objects of historic and scientific interest.” They have the right to declare by proclamation any land owned or controlled by the federal government a National Monument. Since that time over Presidents of the United States have created 161 National Monuments and Congress has created 39. Here is a complete list of National Monuments in the United States.

While 199 National Monuments have been created, only 129 exist today. The other 70 National Monuments have been:

  • 30 have been elevated to National Park status.
  • 6 were incorporated into existing National Parks
  • 10 were converted to National Historic Parks
  • 6 were transferred to state or local government control
  • 4 were converted to National Historic Sites
  • 4 were converted to National Preserves
  • 3 were incorporated into a National Forest
  • 2 were converted to National Wildlife Refuges
  • 1 was converted to a National Battlefield
  • 1 was converted to a Parkway
  • 1 was returned to the Zuni Nation
  • 1 was deauthorized as the land was never acquired by the federal government
  • 1 was deauthorized due to early mismanagement resulting in the theft of all the fossils it was meant to protect

The National Monuments can be managed or co-managed by one or two of eight federal agencies from 5 departments depending on the location and/or management goals. These agencies are

Agency Department Units Managed Units Co-Managed
National Park Service (NPS) Interior 82 3
Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Interior 21 7
Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) Interior 2 7
United States Forest Service (USFS) Agriculture 8 5
Armed Forces Retirement Home (AFRH) Defence 1 0
United States Air Force (USAF) Defence 1 0
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Commerce 0 5
Department of Engergy (DOE) Engergy  0 1

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Map of US National Monuments

Maps of all National Monuments Placeholder
Maps of all National Monuments

US National Monuments

Alabama National Monuments

  • Birmingham Civil Rights National Monument (NPS)
  • Freedom Riders National Monument (NPS)
  • Russell Cave National Monument (NPS)

Alaska National Monuments

  • Admiralty Island National Monument (USFS)
  • Aleutian Islands World War II National Monument (FWS)
  • Aniakchak National Monument (NPS)
  • Cape Krusenstern National Monument (NPS)
  • Misty Fjords National Monument (USFS)
Aniakchak National Monument
Image courtesy of McGimsey, R. G, AVO/USGS

American Samoa

  • Rose Atoll Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS)

Arizona

  • Agua Fria National Monument (BLM)
  • Canyon de Chelly National Monument (NPS)
  • Casa Grande Ruins National Monument (NPS)
  • Chiricahua National Monument (NPS)
  • Grand Canyon-Parashant National Monument (BLM, NPS)
  • Hohokam Pima National Monument (NPS)
  • Ironwood Forest National Monument (BLM)
  • Montezuma Castle National Monument (NPS)
  • Navajo National Monument (NPS)
  • Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument (NPS)
  • Pipe Spring National Monument (NPS)
  • Sonoran Desert National Monument (BLM)
  • Sunset Crater Volcano National Monument (NPS)
  • Tonto National Monument (NPS)
  • Tuzigoot National Monument (NPS)
  • Vermilion Cliffs National Monument (BLM)
  • Walnut Canyon National Monument (NPS)
  • Wupatki National Monument (NPS)
Tuzigoot National Monument

Atlantic Ocean National Monuments

  • Northeast Canyons and Seamounts Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS)

California National Monuments

  • Berryessa Snow Mountain National Monument (BLM, USFS)
  • Cabrillo National Monument (NPS)
  • California Coastal National Monument (BLM)
  • Carrizo Plain National Monument (BLM)
  • Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument (BLM)
  • Castle Mountains National Monument (NPS)
  • César E. Chávez National Monument (NPS)
  • Devils Postpile National Monument (NPS)
  • Fort Ord National Monument (BLM)
  • Giant Sequoia National Monument (USFS)
  • Lava Beds National Monument (NPS)
  • Mojave Trails National Monument (BLM)
  • Muir Woods National Monument (NPS)
  • Saint Francis Dam Disaster National Monument (USFS)
  • San Gabriel Mountains National Monument (USFS)
  • Sand to Snow National Monument (BLM, USFS)
  • Santa Rosa and San Jacinto Mountains National Monument (BLM, USFS)
  • Tule Lake National Monument (NPS, FWS)

Colorado National Monuments

  • Browns Canyon National Monument (BLM, USFS)
  • Canyons of the Ancients National Monument (BLM)
  • Chimney Rock National Monument (USFS)
  • Colorado National Monument (NPS)
  • Dinosaur National Monument (NPS)
  • Florissant Fossil Beds National Monument (NPS)
  • Hovenweep National Monument (NPS)
  • Yucca House National Monument (NPS)

Florida National Monuments

  • Castillo de San Marcos National Monument (NPS)
  • Fort Matanzas National Monument (NPS)
Castillo de San Marcos National Monument

Georgia National Monuments

  • Fort Frederica National Monument (NPS)
  • Fort Pulaski National Monument (NPS)

Guam National Monuments

  • Marianas Trench Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS)

Hawaii National Monuments

  • Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS)
Papahānaumokuākea Marine National Monument
Image Credit: White House photo by Shealah Craighead, Public Domain, Link

Idaho National Monuments

  • Craters of the Moon National Monument (BLM, NPS)
  • Hagerman Fossil Beds National Monument (NPS)

Illinois National Monuments

  • Pullman National Monument (NPS)

Iowa National Monuments

  • Effigy Mounds National Monument (NPS)
Effigy Mounds National Monument
Effigy Mounds National Monument
Photo Credit: Billwhittaker at English Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, Link

Kentucky National Monuments

  • Camp Nelson Heritage National Monument (NPS)
  • Mill Springs Battlefield National Monument (NPS) ** Note: has been authorized but not yet established as a unit, pending property acquisition by the National Park Service

Lousiana National Monuments

  • Poverty Point National Monument (NPS)

Maine National Monuments

  • Katahdin Woods and Waters National Monument (NPS)

Maryland National Monuments

  • Fort McHenry National Monument (NPS)
  • Harriet Tubman Underground Railroad National Monument (FWS)

Minnesota National Monuments

  • Grand Portage National Monument (NPS)
  • Pipestone National Monument (NPS)
Grand Portage National Monument
Photo Credit: NPS

Mississippi National Monuments

  • Medgar and Myrlie Evers Home National Monument (NPS) ** Note: has been authorized but not yet established as a unit, pending property acquisition by the National Park Service

Missouri National Monuments

  • George Washington Carver National Monument (NPS)

Montana National Monuments

  • Little Bighorn Battlefield National Monument (NPS)
  • Pompeys Pillar National Monument (BLM)
  • Upper Missouri River Breaks National Monument (BLM)
Pompeys Pillar National Monument
Photo Credit: Bureau of Land ManagementPompeys Pillar NM, Public Domain, Link

Nebraska National Monuments

  • Agate Fossil Beds National Monument (NPS)
  • Homestead National Monument (NPS)
  • Scotts Bluff National Monument (NPS)

Nevada National Monuments

  • Basin and Range National Monument (BLM)
  • Gold Butte National Monument (BLM)
  • Tule Springs Fossil Beds National Monument (NPS)

New Jersey National Monuments

  • Statue of Liberty National Monument (NPS)

New Mexico National Monuments

  • Aztec Ruins National Monument (NPS)
  • Bandelier National Monument (NPS)
  • Capulin Volcano National Monument (NPS)
  • El Malpais National Monument (NPS)
  • El Morro National Monument (NPS)
  • Fort Union National Monument (NPS)
  • Gila Cliff Dwellings National Monument (NPS)
  • Kasha-Katuwe Tent Rocks National Monument (BLM)
  • Organ Mountains-Desert Peaks National Monument (BLM)
  • Petroglyph National Monument (NPS)
  • Prehistoric Trackways National Monument (BLM)
  • Río Grande del Norte National Monument (BLM)
  • Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument (NPS)
  • White Sands National Monument (NPS)

New York National Monuments

  • African Burial Ground National Monument (NPS)
  • Castle Clinton National Monument (NPS)
  • Fort Stanwix National Monument (NPS)
  • Governors Island National Monument (NPS)
  • Stonewall National Monument (NPS)
  • Statue of Liberty National Monument (NPS)
Statue of Liberty National Monument

Northern Mariana Islands National Monuments

  • Marianas Trench Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS)

Ohio National Monuments

  • Charles Young Buffalo Soldiers National Monument (NPS)

Oregon National Monuments

  • Cascade–Siskiyou National Monument (BLM)
  • John Day Fossil Beds National Monument (NPS)
  • Newberry Volcanic National Monument (USFS)
  • Oregon Caves National Monument (NPS)

South Dakota National Monuments

  • Jewel Cave National Monument (NPS)

Texas National Monuments

  • Alibates Flint Quarries National Monument (NPS)
  • Military Working Dog Teams National Monument (DOD)
  • Waco Mammoth National Monument (NPS)

US Minor Outlying Islands National Monuments

  • Pacific Remote Islands Marine National Monument (NOAA, FWS)

US Virgin Islands National Monuments

  • Buck Island Reef National Monument (NPS)
  • Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument (NPS)

Utah National Monuments

  • Bears Ears National Monument (BLM, USFS)
  • Cedar Breaks National Monument (NPS)
  • Dinasour National Monument (NPS)
  • Grand Staircase-Escalante National Monument (BLM)
  • Hovenweep National Monument (NPS)
  • Jurassic National Monument (BLM)
  • Natural Bridges National Monument (NPS)
  • Rainbow Bridge National Monument (NPS)
  • Timpanogos Cave National Monument (NPS)
Dinasour National Monument
Photo Credit: NPS

Virginia National Monuments

  • Booker T. Washington National Monument (NPS)
  • Fort Monroe National Monument (NPS)
  • George Washington Birthplace National Monument (NPS)

Washington National Monuments

  • Hanford Reach National Monument (DOE, FWS)
  • Mount St. Helens Volcanic National Monument (USFS)
  • San Juan Islands National Monument (BLM)

Washington, D.C. National Monuments

  • Belmont-Paul Women’s Equality National Monument (NPS)
  • President Lincoln and Soldiers’ Home National Monument (AFRH)

Wyoming National Monuments

  • Devils Tower National Monument (NPS)
  • Fossil Butte National Monument (NPS)

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Jennifer Melroy

Jennifer has been obsessed with national parks as a child.  This Tennessee native spent her childhood exploring the Great Smoky Mountains National Park and traveling with her parents to National Parks and around the Caribbean.  She is always planning her next adventure and is ready to see the world while trying to visit all 59 National Park (*She is ignoring the hunk of concrete that just became a national park).

Jennifer Melroy has 96 posts and counting. See all posts by Jennifer Melroy

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